Working fewer hours is associated with higher life satisfaction, new study finds

Working fewer hours is associated with higher life satisfaction, new study finds

Working fewer hours is associated with higher life satisfaction, new study finds

Posted in Health Economics Review, a new study found that working fewer hours is associated with greater life satisfaction, which depends on health status. Other factors that contribute to greater life satisfaction include social inclusion, social trust, sense of security, and digitalization.

The amount of income a person has has an impact on their life satisfaction. Generally, people with higher incomes report higher life satisfaction and those with lower incomes report lower life satisfaction. Another area of ​​interest is the relationship between time spent working and well-being. Previous research shows that men and women in relationships report higher levels of satisfaction and well-being when working part-time than full-time. Other research suggests that time spent working is correlated with happiness.

Researcher Qinglong Shao was interested in studying the relationship between time spent working and life satisfaction in relation to the mediating effects of health. Shao also sought to examine the effects of social inclusion, social trust, sense of security, and digitalization on life satisfaction. Shao was also interested in the association between time spent working and income level. Finally, Shao studied job satisfaction among different occupations.

Shao analyzed 18,060 responses from 10 relevant surveys covering life satisfaction, working time variables, health, social inclusion, social trust, sense of security, digitalization, income, marital status and other demographic information. The six different types of jobs included in Shao’s analysis were central or local government, education and health, public enterprise, private enterprise, self-employed, and “other” occupations. .

The results of this study show that working fewer hours was correlated with greater life satisfaction. Shao suggests that this finding may exist because people like to work fewer hours to spend time with family and have time for other commitments/responsibilities. Shao also suggests that people in European countries might like to work less because more of their income is taken from their wages and given to the government to help support the welfare system.

Shao also found that working part-time had a positive effect on health, and that good health was associated with greater life satisfaction. Life satisfaction was also positively correlated with confidence, social inclusion and sense of security. Regarding income, Shao found that income was positively correlated with life satisfaction, implying that those who work part-time and report higher life satisfaction earn a higher income.

Consistent with previous research, Shao also found that life satisfaction and happiness increased with age. However, gender has a negative effect on life satisfaction in which men are less likely to be happy than women. Shao found that workers in private companies prefer to work fewer hours to achieve greater life satisfaction while no significant relationship was found between other occupations and the desire to work a certain amount to affect the life satisfaction.

Overall, Shao found that women prefer to work fewer hours per week than men, which tends to increase life satisfaction among women. Finally, middle class income had a significantly greater impact on life satisfaction compared to upper/rich class. Shao suggests that middle-class workers tend to report higher life satisfaction than upper-class workers because the middle class needs extra income to be upwardly mobile, which can be motivating.

The study “Does less working time improve life satisfaction?” Evidence from European Social Survey“, was published

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