Business Innovation for NOAA Ground Enterprise Architecture

Business Innovation for NOAA Ground Enterprise Architecture

Business Innovation for NOAA Ground Enterprise Architecture

DENVER – The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration will need to integrate innovative commercial technologies into its ground-based satellite systems to ingest, process and disseminate the massive volume of data expected to be generated by future government, commercial and international partner satellites.

NOAA’s National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service (NESDIS) studied the future needs of the ground system and determined “that if we continue to add more capacity, incorporate more data sources and more satellites with the current approach will make it difficult for the government to accomplish its mission. mission at the same level in the next 20 to 30 years,” Raad Saleh, who leads the NESDIS Ground Enterprise Study for NOAA’s Office of System Architecture and Advanced Planning, said Jan. of the annual meeting of the American Meteorological Society here.

In fact, NOAA would “far exceed available funds” if the agency implemented plans to expand its constellation through 2042 without changing its ground architecture strategy, said Michael Morgan, deputy secretary of the Department of Trade for environmental observation and forecasting.

NOAA is currently developing a unique ground system for each mission, an approach that threatens to become cost-prohibitive as the constellation grows, Morgan added.

Going forward, NOAA will look to the private sector for “revolutionary and disruptive new technologies” like artificial intelligence and machine learning, cloud computing and digital twins as the agency transitions to an architecture at the enterprise ground to support its next generation of satellite observation systems, Saleh says.

Space industry officials on the AMS panel welcomed the new approach.

“Private industry has rapidly and cost-effectively implemented capabilities in the ground enterprise domains in response to market forces,” said Robert Smith, senior systems engineer at Northrop Grumman. “Whether it’s cloud hosting, ground station as a service, flexible antenna as a service, sensor payloads, rapid launch capabilities, satellite operations, data processing, data access and dissemination, now is a good time to leverage private sector investment and deployment of these technologies.

Other promising technologies to make satellite constellations more efficient are on-board processing, inter-satellite links and data analysis with robust object detection and feature extraction algorithms, said Kumar Navulur, Senior Director strategic initiatives of Maxar Technologies.

Nonetheless, NOAA will face challenges in this transition to greater reliance on the commercial sector, while ensuring that data integrity, security, and quality are not adversely affected.

Instead of filling three-ring binders with requirements for new systems, NOAA may need to write service-level agreements for future systems, said Jack Maguire, director general of the space program operations division. civilians from Aerospace Corp.

The European Space Agency is also moving towards a corporate ground system and is increasingly relying on the private sector.

Instead of establishing separate ground systems for each mission as it did in the past, ESA created a reference architecture based on common mission requirements.

“We now have a collection of products that we consider generic enough to support all the missions that are part of our portfolio,” said Mauro Pecchioli, director of the European Space Agency’s Multi-Mission Infrastructure Program. “These products are also made available to European industry for use in programs that are not funded by ESA, which means we have created the basis for European industry to become competitive for non-institutionally funded programs.”

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